This timeline of events leading to the American Civil War is a chronologically ordered list of events and issues which historians recognize as origins and causes of the American Civil War. These events are roughly divided into two periods: the first encompasses the gradual build-up over many decades of the numerous social, economic, and political issues that ultimately contributed to the war's outbreak, and the second encompasses the five-month span following the election of Abraham Lincoln as President of the United States in and culminating in the capture of Fort Sumter in April Scholars have identified many different causes for the war. Among the most polarizing of the underlying issues from which other proximate causes developed was whether the institution of slavery should be retained and even expanded to other territories or whether it should be contained and eventually abolished. Since the early colonial period, slavery had played a major role in the socioeconomic system of British America and was widespread in the Thirteen Colonies at the time of the American Declaration of Independence in During and after the American Revolution , events and statements by politicians and others brought forth differences, tensions and divisions between citizens of the slave states of the Southern United States and citizens of the free states of the Northern United States including several newly admitted Western states over the topics of slavery.
Origins of the American Civil War
Timeline of events leading to the American Civil War - Wikipedia
Civil Religion in America. Robert N. At the beginning of a reprint of this essay Robert N. Berkeley: University of California Press, , p.
Timeline of events leading to the American Civil War
Over 2. This page briefly describes resources for researching the military service of individual Civil War soldiers in "Volunteer" Army units. Records relating to Confederate soldiers are typically less complete than those relating to Union soldiers because many Confederate records did not survive the war. NARA does not have pension files for Confederate soldiers. Researchers should visit public libraries to find books and periodicals about Civil War battles, strategies, uniforms, and the political and social context of the times.
Historians who debate the origins of the American Civil War focus on the reasons that seven southern states followed by four other states after the onset of the war declared their secession from the United States the Union and united to form the Confederate States simply known as the "Confederacy" , and the reasons that the North refused to let them go. Most of the debate is about the first question, the reason that some Southern states decided to secede. Virtually all historians in the 21st century agree that conflict over slavery caused the war, but they disagree sharply on the aspects of this conflict ideological, economic, political, or social that were most important.