The Australian philosopher Peter Singer, who later this month begins teaching at Princeton University, is perhaps the world's most controversial ethicist. Many readers of his book ''Animal Liberation'' were moved to embrace vegetarianism, while others recoiled at Singer's attempt to place humans and animals on an even moral plane. Similarly, his argument that severely disabled infants should, in some cases, receive euthanasia has been praised as courageous by some -- and denounced by others, including anti-abortion activists, who have protested Singer's Princeton appointment. Singer's penchant for provocation extends to more mundane matters, like everyday charity.
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He specialises in applied ethics and approaches ethical issues from a secular , utilitarian perspective. He is known in particular for his book Animal Liberation , in which he argues in favour of veganism , and his essay " Famine, Affluence, and Morality ", in which he argues in favour of donating to help the global poor. For most of his career, he was a preference utilitarian , but he stated in The Point of View of the Universe , coauthored with Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek , that he had become a hedonistic utilitarian. On two occasions, Singer served as chair of the philosophy department at Monash University , where he founded its Centre for Human Bioethics.
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