Institute for Advanced Techology in the Humanities. The Temple of Portunus, named after the tutelary deity of the port, is located in the Forum Boarium, next to the Tiber. It is very well preserved because it was converted into the church of S. Maria Egiziaca.
Roman Temple versus Greek Temple - Essay Example
Temple of Portunus
Clear Influences can be seen from the Etruscans and from the Greeks. In Greek temples access to the main part of the temple the cellar was from all sides for example see the Parthenon. But in this particular temple access is made only from the front. The temple is based on the ionic order and contains a cellar a portico and is raised on a high podium. Roman temples were also influenced by earlier cultures such as the Etruscans whose columns were built in wood. Etruscan architecture is thought to have been influenced by the Greek colonies in southern Italy.
After being deposed, he led a rebellion, seized control of Rome, and appointed an antipope , but the rebellion failed and Crescentius was eventually executed. The aspirations of the Roman aristocracy did not vanish with the death of the older Crescentius. The latter left a son, also called Crescentius, who after the death of Boniface VII took the reins of power in his hands. Circumstances seemed to be particularly favourable.
Its dedication remains unclear, as ancient sources mention several temples in this area of Rome, without saying enough to make it clear which this is. It was called the Temple of Fortuna Virilis from the Renaissance, and remains better known by this name. If dedicated to Portunus , the god of keys, doors and livestock, and so granaries, it is the main temple dedicated to the god in the city. It is in the Ionic order and is by the ancient Forum Boarium by the Tiber , during Antiquity the site overlooked the Port Tiberinus at a sharp bend in the river; from here, Portunus watched over cattle barges as they entered the city from Ostia.