Discrimination comprises "base or the basis of class or category without regard to individual merit, especially to show prejudice on the basis of ethnicity, gender, or a similar social factor". Attitudes toward minorities have been marked by discrimination historically in the United States. Many forms of discrimination have come to be recognized in U. Colorism is a form of racially-based discrimination where people are treated unequally due to skin color. It initially came about in America during slavery.
Racial And Gender Equality
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Although the terms sex and gender are sometimes used interchangeably and do in fact complement each other, they nonetheless refer to different aspects of what it means to be a woman or man in any society. Sex refers to the anatomical and other biological differences between females and males that are determined at the moment of conception and develop in the womb and throughout childhood and adolescence. Females, of course, have two X chromosomes, while males have one X chromosome and one Y chromosome. From this basic genetic difference spring other biological differences. The genitalia are called primary sex characteristics , while the other differences that develop during puberty are called secondary sex characteristics and stem from hormonal differences between the two sexes. Girls develop breasts and wider hips and begin menstruating as nature prepares them for possible pregnancy and childbirth.
Race, Class, and Gender
Gender variance , or gender nonconformity , is behavior or gender expression by an individual that does not match masculine or feminine gender norms. In the case of transgender people, they may be perceived, or perceive themselves as, gender-nonconforming before transitioning, but might not be perceived as such after transitioning. Transgender adults who appear gender-nonconforming after transition are more likely to experience transphobic discrimination. The terms gender variance and gender-variant are used by scholars of psychology ,    psychiatry ,  anthropology ,  and gender studies , as well as advocacy groups of gender-variant people themselves.
There is various legislation and codes of practice relevant to the promotion of equality and valuing of diversity in including:. This highlighted the principle that all humans have the same rights and should be treated equally. This act also sets out the rights of all individuals and allows individuals to take action against authorities when their rights are affected. Every Child Matters — Every Child Matters was introduced for all organisations and agencies in order to ensure they work together to ensure that they support the children they work with, between birth and 19 years, fully in order for them to achieve the 5 outcomes they set out. Stay safe Healthy Enjoy and achieve Economic wellbeing Positive contribution.