Peter Busse , University of Pennsylvania. Theory and research have shown that perceptions of norms operate in people's behaviors. While communication can activate behavior, little is known about the cognitive process by which communication influences behavior through perceived norms. This dissertation tests a conceptual model that explains the effect of messages with normative appeals on people's intentions to get tested for HIV. This model is tested with a sample of Latinos in the United States, an understudied population in regards to HIV testing—a health behavior currently promoted to stop the spread of HIV. Two studies, conducted as part of the formative research, revealed that Latinos formed intentions to get tested for HIV based on perceived norms and that messages could be crafted using normative appeals.
Constructs in quantitative research | Lærd Dissertation
David G. Garvis Follow. The dissertation engages the Catholic Tradition enunciated in the Ethical and Religious Directives for Catholic Health Care Services to provide a normative approach for resolving ethical dilemmas regarding pivotal breakthroughs in medical technology. This normative ethical approach has two components: a normative framework for Catholic health care ethics that adopts practical ethical principles as enunciated in the Ethical and Religious Directives Chapter 2 and secular decision-making models in organizational and clinical ethics that are consistent with the Catholic Tradition Chapter 3.
Active shooter, police preparedness, terrorism, crisis planning, normative model, police training. Active shooter incidents remain a constant societal concern that are deserving of continued academic research. The following grounded theory study examined the active shooter incident preparedness systems of police agencies in three Michigan counties. The principal investigator observed the strategic and tactical objectives of police agencies relative to active shooter preparedness systems, including police collaborations, tactics, training, technology, and written documentation. The project analyzed the consistency of police agency strategic and tactical objectives in comparison with interviews, written documentation, and observations of scenario-based active shooter incident training.
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