What is Equine Piroplasmosis? Equine Piroplasmosis EP is a tick-borne disease that affects horses, donkeys, mules and zebras. The disease is transmitted via ticks or through mechanical transmission by improperly sanitized surgical, dental or tattoo instruments, through the reuse of needles and syringes, or through the administration of contaminated blood products. EP is considered to be a foreign animal disease in the U. How is Equine Piroplasmosis spread? Ticks ingest blood from the infected equine and transfer the parasite to an uninfected equine by feeding on the host, spreading the disease through blood contact.
CDFA - AHFSS - AHB - EH -Equine Piroplasmosis
In this article we will explain what equine piroplasmosis is and its potential impact on the exportation for the horses that test positive. We will also highlight the main exportation procedures you must be aware of in case you are buying a horse you will export outside Europe. Equine Piroplasmosis EP , is a tick-borne disease that affects horses, donkeys, mules and zebras. It is caused by one of two protozoan parasites: Theileria equi or Babesia caballi.
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Equine Piroplasmosis/APHIS Factsheet/Veterinary Services July 2008
Equine piroplasmosis EP , caused by the hemoparasites Theileria equi, Theileria haneyi, and Babesia caballi, is an important tick-borne disease of equines that is prevalent in most parts of the world. Infection may affect animal welfare and has economic impacts related to limitations in horse transport between endemic and non-endemic regions, reduced performance of sport horses and treatment costs. Equine piroplasmosis EP is a tick-borne disease of equines caused by the eukaryotic hemoparasites Theileria equi , Theileria haneyi , and Babesia caballi that has a considerable veterinary and economic impacts on the horse industry worldwide [ 1 ] [ 2 ] [ 3 ] [ 4 ] [ 5 ].
The tick-borne protozoal disease equine piroplasmosis EP impacts horses worldwide, causing hemolytic anemia the body's immune system attacks and kills its own red blood cells and even death. Veterinarians' drug of choice for eliminating the causative parasites, Theileria equi and Babesia caballi, is imidocarb dipropionate, which is effective but commonly causes untoward side effects such as severe diarrhea and colic and, in rare cases, liver and kidney toxicity. Researchers in Scotland recently examined ways to minimize gastrointestinal complications when treating EP with this drug. She emphasizes, 'This ultimately improves the welfare of horses. The disease is transmitted via tick bites or through mechanical transmission by improperly disinfected needles or surgical instruments.