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Kashmir Issue Essay
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Since the decree, Indian authorities also imposed an unprecedented lockdown in the region, cutting off all communication lines, restricting movement and putting prominent Kashmiri politicians under house arrest. Ever since its annexation by the Mughal empire in AD, Kashmir has never been ruled by Kashmiris themselves. After the Mughals, the region was ruled by the Afghans , Sikhs , and the Dogras until the Indian and Pakistani states took over. Back then, the murder of a native by a Sikh was punished with a fine of 16 to 20 Kashmiri rupees to the government, of which 4 rupees would go to the family of the deceased if the victim is a Hindu, and only 2 rupees if the deceased is a Muslim. Gulab Singh and the successive Dogra rulers, who then had a free pass over the Kashmir valley, imposed further extortionate taxes on the Kashmiris in an attempt to raise the 7. Moreover, as a mark of their continued loyalty, the Dogra rulers catered to continued British demands for money and muscle.
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The two wings of Pakistan were linked by long and costly air-routes across northern India or by the slow sea route of nearly 3, miles 4, km around southern India and Sri Lanka. It has some gas and oil at Sui fields. Its position in fibers is comparatively strong, and in food grains it has normally good surpluses of wheat.
The Kashmir conflict is a territorial conflict over the Kashmir region , primarily between India and Pakistan , with China playing a third-party role. It is a dispute over the region that escalated into three wars between India and Pakistan and several other armed skirmishes. Since , Kashmiri protest movements were created to voice Kashmir's disputes and grievances with the Indian government in the Indian-controlled Kashmir Valley ,   with some Kashmiri separatists in armed conflict with the Indian government based on the demand for self-determination.