Working everyday in the garden can be a rewarding experience. Watching careful work bloom into a variety of vegetables and fruits can be a joy; however, the garden plants can be under attack by a variety of pests. Insects are the most common culprits, especially grasshoppers and aphids. Fortunately, many types of pest control are readily available.
Before applying any type of chemical control, several steps can be taken to help minimize the insect population. First, remove any unhealthy plant that has been a feast for the insects. Next, clear the garden of debris. Any weed should be pulled out, and the ground should be relatively clear around the garden. This will help prevent the insect population from growing in the vicinity. Lastly, clean all garden tools that were used to dig up unhealthy plants.
Natural predators, also known as beneficial insects, can also be utilized to help fight pests. Ladybugs, for instance, are the predators of aphids. Several flower species will attract ladybugs, allowing them to establish a local population near the garden. The Praying Mantises are another type of beneficial insect, which will eat almost any bug it can grab. If beneficial insects cannot be encouraged to make their home in the garden, it is possible to buy eggs or adults to release. Always consult the local wildlife department before buying in order to ensure the species is not considered invasive.
Chemical pest control is also available if the pest infection is particularly severe. Most forms of pest control come in sprays, which may have to be directly used on the plant or on the ground around the garden. Caution should be foremost, as several chemical products may be harmful to both pests and beneficial insects. Always read the warning labels before buying to see if any health side effects are possible.
Other types of control will often come in the form of a physical barrier. Insect nets, for example, will cover the garden, providing a barrier between the plant and insect. Traps for species of insects are also available, with most aimed towards moths and beetles. These traps will most often use a bait or hormone to attract the insects to the trap.
Controlling pests in the garden can come in a variety of ways. Natural controls involve using beneficial insects and simple garden tips to prevent insect pests. Human-invented chemical control, along with physical barriers, is also able to be used in most situations. Research and smart application of the pest controls will help keep the garden healthy.