Actions are the result of our choices and we should base our actions on our choices. Kant starts off his work by mentioning the word maxim. Kant believes that we act on a maxim when we make our own decisions. Maxims, in other words, are defined as a intent or goal. Immanuel Kant's Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals In his publication, Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals, Immanuel Kant supplies his readers with a thesis that claims morality can be derived from the principle of the categorical imperative.
The Role of Reason: Kant's Moral Theory
Kant's Deontological Ethical Theory | Free Essay Example
The utilitarianism is an ethical theory that states that morality is not based in the act itself, but by the consequences of the act, you should do the things that generates the most happiness, or the greatest good for the greatest number. The right decision is what Helps the most people as it is the greatest good for the most people. Its adaptable and can be used in different situations and still be able to make the right decision according to the theory. Doing actions that will result in the most good for the most people is the main component of the utilitarian theory.
Immanuel Kant’ Views on Moral Worth
When a person performs an action, and the outcome of that action is a negative one, we often find ourselves. Sometimes morality is the single set of absolute rules and prohibitions that are valid for all men at all times and all societies. More loosely, a morality can be any set of ultimate principles, and there may be any number of moralities in different societies. When dealing with the philosophers take on morality, there are.
Thus, the only time a person can be sure he is right is if he is constantly open to differing opinions; there must be a standing invitation to try to disprove his beliefs. Second, there is the criticism that governments have a duty to uphold certain beliefs that are important to the well being of society. Only "bad" men would try to undermine these beliefs. Mill replies that this argument still relies on an assumption of i